The life and creating stations Georg Philipp Telemanns in a temporal view
Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 - 1767)
- 1681 Magdeburg - Georg Philipp Telemann was born on March 14 as son of the deacon at the "Heilige-Geist-Kirche" (church) Heinrich Telemann and his wife Maria Haltmeier.
He attended the "Altstädtische Schule" (school), was there student of the cantor and musical director of the six main churches "Benedictus Christiani". Afterwards Telemann attended the "Domschule" (school).
He learned to play musical instruments and learned on his own.
First steps in composing; composition and performance of the opera "Sigismundus" (approx. 1693)
- 1694 Zellerfeld - Telemann visited the school that was led by superintendent Caspar Calvoer. Telemann worked in the areas Geometry, Latin language, but also Music;
Compositions for the church and the town-musician
- 1697 Hildesheim - Telemann visited the "Gymnasium Andreanum" (school); compositions for school theater plays and text books of the headmaster Johann Christoph Losius
- 1701 Magdeburg - "ein veranstaltetes Examen" ("An Arranged Exam") (Telemann passed the school leaving examination)
- 1701 Leipzig - Telemann started to study the law, founded and led a student "Collegium Musicum" (college of music).
He conducted operas and performed as an opera-singer.
In 1704, he became organist (and thus musical director) at the "Neue Kirche" (church).
Composition of cantata for the "Thomaskirche" (church) and the operas at Leipzig and Weißenfels
In 1701, during a journey via Halle meeting with Georg Friedrich Händel; during visits at each other joint studies of theory of composition; start of their lifelong friendship
- 1705 Sorau (Zary) - Telemann became conductor at court of Graf Erdmann von Promnitz (earl).
Composition of the french overture suites
- 1708 Eisenach - Telemann became concert leader and later conductord at court of Herzog Johann Wilhelm von Sachsen und Eisenach (duke); compositions of church music, birthday and homage music for the ducal family; trisonatas and solo concerts; furthermore operas for Leipzig.
Eisenach was for Telemann the "severe school" where he, not only in the music, came "to a true solidarity", but he also became "a different person in Christianity".
- 1712 Frankfurt/Main - Telemann became town musical director (conductor at the "Barfüßerkirche" (church), later also at the "Katharinenkirche" (church)) as well as secretary and manager of the "higher nobility" Frauenstein association (the leading society of the Franfurt middle classes). Composition of church music for the Sundays and holidays of the ecclesiastical calendar:
Completion of the Eisenach annuals, five new annuals, in addition numerous occasional jobs, orchestra and chamber music.
- 1713 Telemann founded and led the Collegium Musicum of the Frauenstein association and gave semi-public and public concerts on a regular basis.
- 1714 Johann Sebastian Bach chose Telemann to be the godfather of his son Carl Phillip Emanuel.
- 1715 The first of more than 40 publications: "Six sonates a Violin soul ..." was published.
- 1716 Telemann composed the passion oratorio "Der für die Sünde der Welt gemarterte Jesus" ("Jesus who was Tortured for the Sins of the World"), the single most important passion oratorio in the first half of the 18th century. Other compositions of this time:
- Oratorio "Auf Christenheit, begeh ein Freudenfest" ("Up Christianity, Celebrate a Rejoicing Celebration"),
- Serenade "Teutschland grünt und blüht im Friede" ("Germany Blossoms and Florishes in Peace").
- 1717 Telemann became "Kapellmeister von Hause aus" ("conductor by nature") in Eisenach.
- 1718 Telemann wrote his first autobiography, which was not published, however, before 1731 in Johann Matthesons "Große Generalbaßschule" (paper).
- 1721 Hamburg - Telemann became cantor at the Johanneum and musical director of the five main churches.
He gave public concerts, printed and published many of his own (and some of other people`s) compositions (until 1740).
Composition of religious cantatas and an annual passion music, operas and intermezzi for the Hamburg opera (until 1738), festival music for urban, ecclesiastical, educational and private occasions (among them, anually, an oratorio and a serenade for the banquet of the militia captains).
The composer and publisher Telemann kept up a lively correspondence and cultivated far-reaching relations in many european countries and to many colleagues.
- 1737 Invited by French friends, Telemann travels to Paris for eight months.
- 1755 A series of Telemann`s most remarkable late works started, the following are among them:
They resound in Telemann`s public concerts.
- "Der Tod Jesu" ("The death of Jesus") 1755
- "Die Donner-Ode" ("The Ode of Thunder") 1756
- "Die Tageszeiten" ("The Times of the Day") 1757
- "Die Auferstehung und Himmelfahrt Jesu" ("The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus") 1760
- "Der Tag des Gerichts" ("The Day of Judgement") 1762
- 1767 Hamburg - Telemann died on June 25.
In current time the work and creating of Telemann is maintained in different way, is appreciated and is scientifically investigated. Here are 2 examples in addition with a lot of continuing information: